What Is Mild Steel? Introduction

What is Mild Steel?

Mild steel is a type of carbon steel with a low amount of carbon – it is actually also known as “low carbon steel.” Although ranges vary depending on the source, the amount of carbon typically found in mild steel is 0.05% to 0.25% by weight, whereas higher carbon steels are typically described as having a carbon content from 0.30% to 2.0%. If any more carbon than that is added, the steel would be classified as cast iron.

Less carbon means that mild-steel is typically more ductile, machinable, and weldable than high carbon and other steels, however, it also means it is nearly impossible to harden and strengthen through heating and quenching. The low carbon content also means it has very little carbon and other alloying elements to block dislocations in its crystal structure, generally resulting in less tensile strength than high carbon and alloy steels.

Mild steel beam structure
Mild-steel Beam structure

Mild-steel also has a high amount of iron and ferrite, making it magnetic. Mild-steel is made similar to how other carbon steels are made. A common way this is done involves a combination of iron ore and coal. Once the coal and iron ore are extracted from the earth, they are melted together in a blast furnace. Once melted, the mixture is moved to another furnace to burn off any impurities that they may have, as well as to make any other adjustments to the mild steel’s chemical composition.

Following that, the steel is allowed to solidify into a rectangular shape. This slab of mild-steel is then usually brought down to the desired size using processes called hot rolling or cold drawing, although there are other methods that can also be used.

To understand more about this is a simple video explanation

How is Mild Steel Made?

Mild-steel is made similar to how other carbon steels are made. A common way this is done involves a combination of iron ore and coal. Once the coal and iron ore are extracted from the earth, they are melted together in a blast furnace. Once melted, the mixture is moved to another furnace to burn off any impurities that they may have, as well as to make any other adjustments to the mild steel’s chemical composition. Following that, the steel is allowed to solidify into a rectangular shape.

This slab of mild steel is then usually brought down to the desired size using processes called hot rolling or cold drawing, although there are other methods that can also be used. Common Applications of Mild Steel. Here are some examples of where it is used in the world:-

  • Structural steel
  • Signs
  • Automobiles
  • Furniture
  • Decorations
  • Wire
  • Fencing
  • Nails

Mild steel products

Mild steel is one of the most commonly used raw materials for iron and steel products. Check out the products that we provide made from mild steel.

Iron and steel sheets

MS Angles

MS Bars

MS Beams

MS Channel

MS Flats

MS Plates

MS Flate
Mild Steel Flate

a comparison between different steel types – Different steels

CONCLUSION

Now that you are aware of what Mild Steel is, The next step is selecting the Mild steel product you need for your project

For MS bars, We recommend JMD Trading Company. Jai Mata Di Trading Co. (JMDTCO) is a leading trading and distribution company for various Iron, mild steel, and special steel products. We have served over 2500 customers. They have stockyards that are fully equipped with high-tech equipment, along with highly trained technicians to ensure uninterrupted and timely delivery for you.

Still confused ?

Get expert help via call or Whatsapp+91 98930 42666

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.